Expedition to Angola

Our expedition to Angola visits an utterly wild part of southern Africa that is only now beginning to open up to tourism. Focussing solely on Angola rather than combining it with the well-trodden lands to the south, this unique tour covers the remote south of the country. This is a land that the modern world has barely touched. Here tribal groups follow time-honoured traditions in the vast unspoiled wildernesses.

Starting in the capital Luanda we have time to explore before flying south to the city of Lubango, our springboard for venturing into the interior. Lubango offers an intoxicating mix of old Portuguese architecture and the joyful chaos of contemporary Africa. After time here we leave the modern world behind and head to the tribal region surrounding the remote town of Oncocua. This is home to the hunter-gatherer Mutua, the colourful Mucuwana and of course the Himba, those icons of southern Africa – and here far less modernised than their counterparts in Namibia.

This enchanting region is nothing less than a lost treasure chest of African anthropology. From here we return north to meet the Muila people, whose hairstyles have to be seen to be believed.

Heading west we explore the beautiful landscapes and prehistoric rock art of Tchitundo Hulo. We visit remote oases and then travel into the lands of the Mucubal people. Few have heard of this fascinating ethnic group and meeting them is a snapshot of the ancient ways. Some of their most interesting traditions include teeth sharpening and incredibly elaborate headdresses.

Accompanied by expert guides we travel sensitively through remote settlements in an effort to understand the customs and ancient practices of the region’s most traditional peoples. These communities staunchly hold on to their way of life and the outside world is barely relevant.

Carefully designed and researched, this trip is one of a kind and offers intrepid travellers the chance to see a world that may not exist for much longer. We travel on paths that few have ever imagined, let alone trodden. Join us on this unique Angolan adventure.

Expedition to Angola


  • Meet the Muila and Himba people
  • Prehistoric rock art
  • Incredible tribal encounters
  • Drive the Serra De Leba pass

Day 1 - Luanda

Arrive in Luanda and transfer to the hotel. Overnight Hotel Ilha Mar or similar.


Luanda is a city under construction. After the long-lasting civil war (1975-2005) the city seems to be permanently expanding, fuelled by the oil boom that has also made Luanda one of the most expensive cities on the planet.

The centre is divided into three distinct sections – Baixa de Luanda (lower Luanda) from the port to the fortress, Cidade Alta, the upper part of the city, home to the presidential palace, and Ilha do Cabo, a peninsula surrounding the bay with beaches, nightclubs and restaurants. Behind and above the historic centre, central bairros include Maianga and Alvalade (residential) and Miramar (embassies), as well as Kinaxixe and Maculusso, which are characterised by Portuguese apartment blocks. Further outside the centre, the neighbourhoods become more informal, dotted with 1970s Cuban apartment blocks and new developments.

On arrival in Luanda, it is impossible to miss the towering obelisk-like structure shooting above the rest of the city, a mausoleum dedicated to Augustinho Neto, the first President of Angola. Other sites worth visiting include the Fortaleza de Sao Miguel, a 16th century building built during the earliest period of colonial rule and a self-contained city for the military garrison, as well as a holding point for slaves – the highlight here are the ornate hand-painted wall tiles. The National Museum of Anthropology is home to an impressive array of traditional masks and other artefacts, while the 15th century Igreja Nossa Senhora do Populo is the first Anglican church in Angola, built in 1482.

Day 2 - Lubango

Explore the key sights of Luanda, with impressive old colonial buildings and bustling markets, as well as the small anthropology museum if open. Later transfer to the airport and fly to Lubango, the main city in southern Angola. Set in a lush valley guarded by a statue of Christ, Lubango is rich in colonial heritage mixed with the vibrancy of local culture. Overnight Vanjul Lodge or similar. (BD)

Day 3 - Chibia – Muila village

Visit the small town of Chibia with its interesting colonial architecture, and head out into the surrounding countryside to a village belonging to the Muila people, where we meet the chief and learn a little about their culture and customs. Return to Lubango for the night. Overnight Vanjul Lodge or similar. (BD)

The Muila people

The Muila people are a cluster of semi-nomadic ethnic groups living on the Huila Plateau. Women coat their hair with a red paste called oncula, which is made of crushed red stone. They also put a mix of oil, crushed tree bark, dried cow dung and herbs on their hair. On top of this, they decorate their hair with beads, cowrie shells and even dried food. Having their forehead shaved is considered as a sign of beauty. The plates, which look like dreadlocks, are called nontombi and have a precise meaning. Women or girls usually have four or six nontombi, but when they only have three it means that someone died in their family.

Muila women are also famous for their mud necklaces, which are important as each period of their life corresponds to a specific type of necklace. When they are young, girls wear heavy red necklaces, made with beads covered with a mix of soil and latex. Later girls start to wear a set of yellow necklaces called vikeka, made of wicker covered with earth. They keep it until their wedding, which can last 4 years. Once married they start to wear a set of stacked up bead necklaces called vilanda. Women never take their necklaces off and have to sleep with them.

Day 4 - Oncocua

A full day’s drive south to Oncocua, a former Portuguese settlement in the middle of a cultural ‘island’, inhabited by three different ethnic groups – the Himba, the Mucawana and the Mutua. On the way we stop in the small town of Cahama, the site of an important battle during the long civil war. Overnight camping. (BLD)

Day 5 - Oncocua

We spend today visiting the different tribal groups that live in this area, taking time to learn about their culture and customs. This is one of the most traditional areas of Angola and visitors are rare, but the local people are friendly and welcoming. Overnight camping. (BLD)

The Mucawana people

The Mucawana people seem impervious to change, still living and dressing in strictly traditional ways, with the hairstyles of the women made with a mix of cow dung, fat, and herbs for fragrance.  When not working Mucawana people like to celebrate, an intoxicating medley of singing, dancing and clapping. The women at such festivities look dazzling, but different, with multicoloured braids, bead corsets around their waists and curiously Teutonic-looking iron crosses dangling down their backs.

The Mutua people

The Mutua live in small settlements in the deep bush and their livelihoods depend on honey and fruit gathering. They do not possess land or animals and they are considered as a lower caste by the neighbouring tribes. At a first glance they look similar to the Himbas, but if one looks closely one will see how they are shorter and their dresses are shaggy and hairstyles less sophisticated compared to those of the Himba and Mucawana.

The Himba

The Himba may be one of Africa’s most photographed tribes, but even so, nothing can really prepare you for meeting them in the flesh. As in many ethnic groups these days, the women maintain their style of traditional dress to a far greater extent than the men, dressing in skirts made from animal skin and fashioning their hair into unique styles with the aid of butter fat and ochre, with different styles denoting their age and marital status. The same substance is used on their bodies, giving them an orange-brown sheen that is considered a sign of beauty within Himba society.

Day 6 - Lubango

This morning we visit another tribal group nearby, the Mucuis. Return to Lubango, stopping at Ontitchau where we may be able to meet a few individuals of the Mugambue and Mudimba groups. Overnight Vanjul Lodge or similar. (BLD)

Day 7 - Mungongo – Namibe

Descend from the plateau on the famous Serra de Leba Pass, and head towards the coast. We stop en route at the oasis of Mungongo, where we can meet the Mucubal and Umbundu people. We continue to the coastal town of Namibe and explore its old colonial centre on foot. Overnight Infotour Hotel or similar. (BLD)

Day 8 - Tchitundo Hulo

Drive towards Virei, stopping en route at the oasis of Arco and the colonial town of Tomboua. After lunch, we drive to Tchitundo Hulo making a stop to see the prehistoric weltwishcia plants At Tchitundo Hulo discover a vast collection of prehistoric rock art, with paintings of animals, plants and men – possibly up to 20,000 years old, but no-one really knows. The area is also home to the Mucubal people, who we should be able to meet when here. Overnight camping. (BLD)

The Mucabal people

Mucubal (also called Mucubai, Mucabale, Mugubale) people are a subgroup of the Herero ethnic group, with a lifestyle based on cattle and agriculture, and some very specific customs and traditions. Girls have their upper teeth sharpened and lower ones removed. In order to convince young girls to have their lower teeth removed, Mucubal elders make them believe that their teeth leave their mouth during the night, to go in a hole dug to relieve themselves and return to their mouth covered with excrement. Their nomadic lifestyle is based on cycles, between nomadism and staying in villages.

The Mucubal believe in a god called Huku, and also worship their ancestors’ spirits called Oyo. Divination is very important in their culture, and they use talismans and amulets for numerous purposes such as to protect their herds or prevent adultery. Funerals can last several days or weeks, and graves are decorated with cattle horns. The number of cows sacrificed is in relation with the importance of the deceased. Cattle is only killed on special occasions, as Mucubal usually don’t eat meat but rather corn (when they manage to grow some), eggs, milk and chicken. They don’t eat any fish because according to the legend, one of their chieftains was brought to the sea by the Portuguese and never came back.

Mucubal women are famous for the way they dress, the most notable example of which is an original and unique headdress called the Ompota. It is made of a wicker framework, traditionally filled with a bunch of tied cow tails, decorated with buttons, shells, zippers and beads. But tradition is disappearing as some women use modern items to fill their ompota headdress. Women whether they are married or not can wear jewels. Ornaments like iron anklets and armlets are worn by girls as well as adult women. Mucubal women are also famous for the string they have around their breast, called oyonduthi, which is used as a bra.

Day 9 - Namibe – Garganta – Lubango - Luanda

Retracing our steps to Lubango we drive to Namibe and then the village of Garganta. Here we meet the Nguendelengo people, who live by hunting, gathering and rearing livestock, and number just three or four hundred individuals. Continue to Lubango for an evening flight to Luanda. Overnight Hotel Ilha Mar or similar. (BL)

Day 10 - Muxima – Kwanza River

Head out of the city to the nearby town of Muxima, with its old 16th century church and Portuguese fort. We take a boat trip on the Kwanza River to visit a nearby fishing village, then return to Luanda for the night, passing through forests of baobabs. Overnight Hotel Ilha Mar or similar. (BL)

Day 11 - Luanda

Visit the old Portuguese fort, as well as Miradouro du Lua, with its interesting rock formations. On the way back to Luanda we stop at the artisans’ market, then finally transfer to the airport for your onward flight. (BL)

Nguendelengo woman smoking pipe - Angola tours and holidays

Nguendelengo woman

Muila girl with traditional hairstyle and necklace - Angola tours
Muila girl with traditional hairstyle and necklace - Angola tours
Handa woman with traditional beaded necklace in Hoque market - Angola tours
Young Mucabal woman with baby - Angola tours
Muila woman with traditional hairstyle and necklace - Angola tours
Village woman with colourful headdress - Angola holidays

What's included?

  • Airport transfers

    We include arrival and departure transfers regardless of whether you book flights yourself, or we book them for you. If you’re booking them yourself, then please let us know the details so that we can arrange the transfers.

    Please note though that if you arrive earlier than Day 1 of the tour, and leave after the final day, we may need to make an additional charge for an airport transfer.

  • Accommodation

    Accommodation as listed in the dossier. The nature of the destinations that we operate may sometimes mean that we need to change hotels, but we’ll always endeavour to keep the same standards. Please be aware that as we operate in many countries where tourism is in its infancy, hotel standards may not be the same as you’re used to elsewhere.

  • Guides

    In most cases, you will be accompanied by one guide from start to finish. However, there may be occasions when this is not practical, for example, if your trip covers a number of different countries. In these cases it often makes more sense to include different guides for each place, to take advantage of their specific knowledge of the destination.

  • Meals

    As listed within the itinerary / dossier (B-Breakfast, L-Lunch, D-Dinner). These will vary from trip to trip – in some areas it makes sense to include all meals while in others there is a good choice of restaurants and we feel people might like to ‘do their own thing’ now and again.

  • Entrance fees

    Entrance fees are listed for those sites that we mention within the itinerary. If there are any other sites that you’d like to see, these would be at your own expense.

What's not included?

  • Visas

    We don’t arrange visas for our travellers, but if an invitation letter is necessary then we will arrange this for you. If you need any advice with visas then just give us a call, or alternatively, a visa agency such as Travcour can assist.

  • International flights

    Many of our travellers arrive from different destinations and so we don’t include international flights in the cost of our tours. If however, you would like us to book flights for you, then just give us a call and we’ll be happy to discuss your options.

  • Travel Insurance

    If you need any assistance with this, then let us know – although we can’t arrange it ourselves we can point you in the direction of a reputable provider that can assist.


As of October 2023, many nationalities, including both UK and US citizens, no longer require a visa to enter Angola for periods of up to 30 days.

Visa regulations can change however and so we recommend that you contact your nearest embassy for the most up to date information.

Health and vaccinations

We are not medically qualified and so we recommend that you speak to your doctor or nearest health professional for advice concerning recommended vaccinations. For more advice on vaccinations, you can also visit www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk.

Please note that Yellow Fever is a compulsory vaccination for entering Angola and you must bring your vaccination certificate with you, otherwise you may not be allowed to enter.


It is a condition of joining our tours that you have suitable travel insurance in place, and we cannot accept travellers without insurance. All policies differ in terms of what they will cover, but as a minimum you need medical and health cover which will cover you for the whole time that you are away. Most policies will also include cancellation cover, which will cover you if an unforeseen circumstance obliges you to cancel your trip. We recommend that you obtain your insurance as soon as you book your trip.

Please note that government travel warnings often affect the validity of your travel insurance, and you should check this with your insurance company.


The local currency in Angola is the kwanza, which you’ll find hard to obtain outside of the country. It is best to bring Euros for exchange purposes.

You will not be able to change money outside of Luanda and Lubango and so we recommend that you change money at the hotel upon arrival.

Costs in Angola are high – in Luanda you can expect to pay £20-30 for a meal, and the city is renowned as one of the most expensive on the planet, fuelled by the oil boom. However, outside of Luanda costs tend to be more reasonable. For most of this trip, meals are provided and there is not much to spend money on.

You may be checked at the airport when you leave Angola for any local currency that you have, so you should either spend this or change it back before you leave – officially it is not allowed to take kwanza from the country.

Local conditions

When travelling to some of the destinations we offer you need to bear in mind that things won’t always work here as we’re used to them working at home. Travelling in underdeveloped and untouristed destinations requires both patience and a sense of humour. There may be problems with infrastructure, attitudes may be different, and maintenance may not be as high a standard as we would always like, but this is very much part and parcel of travelling in such a place. We aim to resolve any issues as quickly as possible, and thank you for your patience.

Angola is one of our most pioneering destinations. Not only is there very little tourism here but the nature of the destination means that you should be prepared for challenging conditions. Outside of the capital very few hotels or accommodation options exist – in the desert these are non-existent. There are few opportunities to buy supplies en route and so we carry the majority of these with us, stocking up on fresh vegetables and fruit in the small towns that we travel through, where possible.

There are no formal bathroom facilities on our trips in Angola when camping, although on many nights you will be provided with water for washing, depending on how far we are from any wells and how much water we have used that day.

Our trips in Angola travel to some of the most remote parts of Africa, and it is essential that you appreciate what this entails before booking a trip. We cannot promise home comforts or luxuries and if you expect these, then Angola probably isn’t the right destination for you. However if you are prepared for sometimes challenging conditions, then Angola offers an adventure that is difficult to match through some of the most untouched, traditional and isolated corners of Africa.

Travel advice

We keep a very close eye on the travel advice issued by the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office so that we can keep you up to date with any warnings. At the time of writing the FCO does not advise against travel to any parts of Angola that we visit on this trip.

This relates to advice from the British government – other nationalities need to check the stance of their own governments.

Please note that the information contained above is highly susceptible to change, and while we endeavour to keep up to date we recommend that you use this as a guide only. Should you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

Updated May 2019

Nguendelengo woman smoking pipe - Angola tours and holidays

Nguendelengo woman

Muila girl with traditional hairstyle and necklace - Angola tours
Muila girl with traditional hairstyle and necklace - Angola tours
Handa woman with traditional beaded necklace in Hoque market - Angola tours
Young Mucabal woman with baby - Angola tours
Muila woman with traditional hairstyle and necklace - Angola tours
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